Texas by the Numbers:
Key Statistical Data and Facts

  • Texas is the 2nd largest state in the US, with an estimated population of 30.03 million in 2022. 
  • As of 2022, 25.3% of the residents are under 18, 61.6% are between 18 and 64 years old, and the male–female ratio is 5.1:4.9. 
  • White and Hispanic residents comprise 40.2% and 40.3%, respectively, while 13% identify as Black or African-American. 
  • As of 2023, Governor Greg Abbott is a 3rd term Republican governor, while Senators Ted Cruz and John Corryn represent Texas in the 116th Congress (2023). 
  • 11.9% of Texans have graduate/ professional degrees, and 31% over 25 have a bachelor 
  • In 2020,  Texas documented 782,974 crimes. 

Texas Population Demographics

Situated in the south-central part of the United States, Texas has the second-largest population in the country (next to California). According to the US Bureau's 2022 Report, an estimated 30,029,572 residents lived in the state.

About one in four residents (25.3%) is under 18. 61.6 percent of the residents are in the working class or income tax-paying bracket (18 to 64 years old). A further report breakdown revealed that the male-to-female ratio is 5.1 to 4.9.

Texas Racial Demographics

  • White (Non-Hispanic)
  • Hispanic
  • Black or African-American
  • Native Alaskan and American Indian
  • Asians
  • Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders

Hispanics and whites are the major racial groups at 40.2% and 40.3%, respectively. Furthermore, blacks and African-Americans are the third-largest group at 13.2%. Other ethnic groups make up less than seven percent of the state's population.

  • Composition of people living in Texas
  • African-Americans
White (Non-Hispanic)40.3%
Black or African Americans13.2%
Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders0.2%
Native Alaskan and American Indian1.1%

Texas Housing

As of 2021

11,869,072 housing
As of 2022, there housing units in Texas
Approximately 62.4% of these units were owner-occupied, while other units (37.6%) were either on the real estate market or rented out.
What's the average number of persons per household
The median gross rent in Florida was also
Florida issued building permits.

Between 2017 and 2021

Owner-occupied units had an average value
Homeowners also had to pay an average in mortgages.
Although the median rent was $1,146 for housing units in Texas, actual rent values differ based on location and the accommodation type. For instance, cities like Seabrook, Allen, and Pasadena have above-average rent values.
Per the report, there were households in Texas
households in the state
The average household in the state had between two and three members.

Elections in Texas

As of 2023, Republican candidates control the major political posts, including both Senate seats in the US Congress. Republican Party members also occupy the Texas Supreme Court.

Texans vote for either Republican or Democratic candidates. The Democratic Party held sway for nearly nine decades (from the early 1900s to the 1990s). However, within the last three decades, the state has consistently voted for Republican candidates.

Governor Ann Richards was the last elected governor from the Democratic Party (from 1991 to 1995). She was also the first female governor of the state. Following 1995, the three elected governors have been Republicans. As of 2023, Governor Greg Abbott is a third-term Republican governor in Texas, while Republican senators Ted Cruz and John Corryn represent the state in the 116th Congress.

In terms of voter demographics, Texas has a large percentage of Democratic voters. According to the Pew Research Center, 40 percent of eligible adult voters are affiliated with the Democratic Party. This is larger than the 39 percent of adult voters identifying as Republican voters.

2020 Presidential Election

About 52% of voters (5,890,347) voted for Donald Trump in the 2020 presidential elections. Although President Biden got 46.5% of the votes (5,259,126) in the election, a significant percentage came from Bexar, Cameron, Brooks, El Paso, Hidalgo, and Dallas counties.

Donald Trump

52% of votes

Joe Biden

46.5% of votes

Texas Voting Statistics

According to the Texas Secretary of State's Office, Texas had over 17.6 million registered voters in 2022. In comparison, there were 13,269,233 registered voters in 2010. The Lone Star State recorded a 45.85 percent turnout of registered voters in the 2022 general elections.

Despite the high number of registered voters, the state recorded a low turnout of voters in the 2022 midterm elections. An estimated 45.7% of voters cast ballots in the election.

General Election

YearVoter TurnoutTurnout Percentage (Voting Age Population)
20228,102,908 (Gubernatorial)5.85%
202011,315,056 (Presidential)66.73%
20188,371,655 (Gubernatorial)53.01%
20168,969,226 (Presidential)59.39%
20144,727,208 (Gubernatorial)33.70%
20127,993,851 (Presidential)58.58%
20104,979,870 (Gubernatorial)38%
20088,077,795 (Presidential)59.50%

Education in Texas

In 2021, 24.6 percent of residents had a high school diploma as their only educational achievement. That said, only 21.6 percent had attained a bachelor's degree, while 20.6 percent of residents only possessed a college degree. Overall, only 11.9% had attained a graduate or professional degree in 2021.

In terms of age demographics, 31 percent of residents over 25 have attained a bachelor's or higher educational degree.

The highest level of education attained

According to the Texas Demographics Center, the Asian group had the highest percentage of educational attainment. As of 2021, 61% of Asians had attained a bachelor's or higher degree. Only non-Hispanic whites come close to 39.4 percent. 25 percent of Texas' black population has a bachelor's or higher degree. Hispanics have the least number of members (16.1%) that have at least a university degree.

Texas Employment Rate

Per the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, Texas had a four percent unemployment rate in March 2023. The state has a 14.89 million-person civilian workforce, of which 14.29 million hold full-time or part-time employment.

As of March 2023, less than 600,000 residents were unemployed. The unemployment rate is considerably lower when compared to the COVID-19 era. An estimated 1.5 million residents were out of work in Texas during COVID-19.

Note: The employment rate may differ based on demographics such as industry, age, and ethnic or racial groups.

Industry in TexasUnemployment Rate (12-month change)
Mining and logging10.2%
Trade, Transportation, and Utility2.8%
Financial Activities4.1%
Professional and Business Services4.0%
Education and Health Services5.3%

Average Income in Texas

According to the US Bureau's report for 2022, the estimated median household income in Texas was $67,321 between 2017 and 2022. This is slightly lower than the national average of $70,784. Nevertheless, the income levels are 30 percent higher than the median rate in 2019. Texans had an average household income of $47,475 in 2009.

The number of earners in a household also determines the average income. In Texas, a one-earner household can bring in an average of $55,441. However, the income level may increase from $74,636 to $80,733 for homes with more earners.

The income level is also different in each county in the state. For example, the average income is above $100,000 in counties like Robertson, Collins, Kaufman, and Loving County. On the other hand, Presidio, Dimmit, and Starr County have some of the lowest income levels in the state. The mean household income in Presidio County is $22,716.

Families in Texas

Texas Marriage Rates

5.8 per 1000 person
10.5 per 1000 person

According to the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Texas had a marriage rate of 5.8 per 1,000 residents in 2021. However, this is slightly lower than the national average of 6 residents per 1,000 residents. In comparison, the state recorded a 10.5 resident per 1,000 marriage rate in 1990.

According to the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Texas had a marriage rate of 5.8 per 1,000 residents in 2021. However, this is slightly lower than the national average of 6 residents per 1,000 residents. In comparison, the state recorded a 10.5 resident per 1,000 marriage rate in 1990.

Texas Divorce Rates

As of 2021, Texas had the third-lowest divorce rate in the country. The state divorce rate has also decreased drastically within the last few decades. Texas had 5.5 divorce events per 1,000 residents in 1990. In 2021, Texas documented 1.4 divorce events per 1,000 residents. This figure is much lower than the national average of 2.5 per 1,000 residents.

Life Expectancy in Texas


The life expectancy of Texas residents at birth is 76.5 percent, according to the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics. This means individuals have an average chance of living beyond 70, irrespective of their birth circumstances.

Per the NCHS report, different factors are responsible for the life expectancy rate. For example, genetic defects, homicides, and cardiovascular diseases also determine life expectancy. The state documented a 5.2 infant mortality rate per 1,000 births in 2021. Within the same year, heart disease and cancer were the leading causes of mortality in the state. There were 50,584 deaths due to heart disease in 2021.

Texas Crime Rates

According to the Texas Department of Public Safety, the state documented 782,974 crimes in 2020. The reported figure covered both property and violent-type crimes. Furthermore, it provided data on these crime categories: larceny thefts, burglaries, rape, murders, aggravated assault, robberies, and motor vehicle thefts.

Per the report, there were 130,034 violent-type crimes and 652,940 property-type crimes in 2020. The report further revealed the rate of occurrence for each crime category.

Index Crime CategoryCrime Volume
Aggravated Assaults88,030
Motor vehicle thefts83,504

Note: The TxDPS is the custodian of all documented crime reports in the state. It creates a yearly report on all property and violent crimes documented by county and city law enforcement agencies.

Texas Incarceration Rate

According to statistics from the National Institute of Corrections,

135,906 incarcerated
As of 2021, there were 135,906 incarcerated offenders in Texas correctional facilities.
1,513 per 100,000 residents
In addition to this, about 1,513 per 100,000 residents were on probation in the same year
500 per 100,000
An estimated 500 per 100,000 residents were also on parole for various offenses.
Note: As of 2023, Texas is home to 64 state correctional facilities and 252 jail facilities.

Texas Bankruptcy Rate

20,121 bankruptcy

Texas residents and entities filed 20,121 bankruptcy cases in 2022, according to the American Bankruptcy Institute. This figure includes filings for Chapter 7, 11, and 13 bankruptcy cases.

The bankruptcy rate in Texas has steadily declined over the last two decades. In comparison, the state's bankruptcy courts received 60,121 filings for bankruptcy in 2000.

Texas is home to these bankruptcy courts:

Texas Eastern Bankruptcy Court
660 North Central Expressway,
Plano, TX 75074
Phone: (972) 509-1240

Texas Northern Bankruptcy Court
1100 Commerce Street
Suite 12 A24
Dallas, TX 75242
Phone: (214) 753-2000

Texas Southern Bankruptcy Court
515 Rusk Street
Houston, TX 77002
Phone: (713) 250-5500

Texas Western Bankruptcy Court
615 East Houston Street
Room 597
San Antonio, TX 78295
Phone: (210) 472-6720

Weird Laws in Texas

  • It is illegal to conceal wire cutters in your pocket.
  • You can get married by making three public announcements.
  • You need a $5 permit to walk barefoot.
  • It is illegal to throw firecrackers or confetti in Borger, Texas.

Cities in Texas

Table of contents

Cities in Texas